The Sinnomade-Indian war of 1962 took place in both areas. In 1996, an agreement was reached to resolve the dispute, including “confidence measures” (CBM) and the informal ceasefire line between India and China was officially accepted as an “effective line of control” in a bilateral agreement. In 2006, China`s ambassador to India claimed that all of Arunachal Pradesh was a Chinese territory. In 2014, China granted Arunachal Pradesh Indians a Gezobis visa visa. The meeting of the two heads of state and government in Bischkek, on the sidelines of the SCO summit, was described as “extremely fruitful”. The meeting took place a month later, when the al-Qaeda 1267 sanctions committee of the powerful UN Security Council named Azhar, the head of Jem, as a global terrorist. In 1960, talks by Indian and Chinese officials to settle the border dispute failed on the basis of an agreement between Nehru and Zhou Enlai, the Chinese minister. Note: Aspirants should be aware of the 1993 agreement on peacekeeping and calm along the LAC. The informal Wuhan summit in 2018 was largely attributed to the fact that it had reversed bilateral relations between two countries through the Doklam impasse. In Bchkek, President Xi reaffirmed his willingness to visit India in 2019 for the next informal summit.
The two sides agreed to celebrate the 70th anniversary of their diplomatic relations in an “appropriate” manner by organizing 70 events, 35 in both countries. Once again, India and China are at a dead end at the border. But why do problems persist after four agreements to solve the border problem? This article explains the problem in the text of the agreement. And also explains the lack of intention on the part of China. Convinced that an early settlement of the border issue will promote the fundamental interests of both countries and should therefore be pursued as a strategic objective, you agreed on the following policy parameters and guiding principles for a border settlement: Article I Border differences should not influence the overall development of bilateral relations. Both sides will resolve the border issue through peaceful and friendly consultations. Neither party can use or threaten to use violence against the other party by any means. The final resolution of the border issue will greatly promote good neighbourly and friendly relations between India and China. Article II Both sides should strive, in accordance with the five principles of peaceful coexistence, to achieve a just, reasonable and mutually acceptable solution to the border issue through equal consultations from the political perspective of the whole bilateral relations. Article III Both sides should make judicious and mutually acceptable adaptations of their respective positions on the border issue in a spirit of mutual respect and mutual understanding in order to reach a comprehensive solution to the border issue.