As part of an agreement signed between Great Britain and the Federation of Malaya, the issue of self-determination vis-à-vis the peoples of northern Borneo and Sarawak represented a challenge for the formation of the Malaysian Federation. In a joint statement by the British and Malaysian governments of 23 November 1961, it was announced that before making a final decision, it was necessary to identify the views of the peoples of northern Borneo and Sarawak. It was decided to set up a commission to set up the task and make recommendations. We heard so much about the 20-point agreement when Sarawak and Sabah decided to found Malaysia with Malaya. The three countries agreed on a specific agreement, called a 20-point agreement, that provides significant autonomy for Sarawak and La Sabah. The result is the discontent and discontent of the inhabitants of Sarawak and Sabah, as they felt “colonized” and “marginalized” by Barisan Nasional under Umno`s leadership. Sarawak and Sabah have delivered on their side, but for reasons they know best, Malaysia is not complying with the agreement. A commission of inquiry headed by Lord Cameron Cobbold and the Lansdowne Committee, an intergovernmental committee, have been appointed to assist in the development of the Malaysian agreement. Lord Lansdowne served for Great Britain and Tun Abdul Razak, Deputy Prime Minister of the Federation of Malaya, for Malaya.  The 18 points were based on the Nine Cardinal Principles of the domination of english Rajah.   A similar memorandum, called a 20-point agreement, was developed and presented by Borneo North. The 18-point agreement often serves as a focal point for those who claim that Sarawak`s rights within the Federation have been eroded over time, such as Sabah. “There was a lot of nonsense in some accusations, like the “twenty points” [sic] agreement….
I have unearthed the reports of the Cobbold Commission, the reports of the Malaysian Solidarity Commission [sic], the reports of the government commission, the Malaysian agreement and even the Malaysian Constitution [reports] to understand the whole issue around the Federation.