They were expecting the Nuclear Security Summit, held in Washington in April 2010, which called for more urgency to the non-proliferation of nuclear weapons, particularly in response to the acquisition of weapons of mass destruction by non-state agents. Mr. Singh spoke at the summit and outlined India`s unwavering commitment to non-proliferation and disarmament, as well as the use of nuclear energy for safe and clean energy. “We have never had and never had this problem with India. It`s a problem between India and the United States, so let them fix it,” Russian nuclear chief Sergei Kyenko told reporters after the summit. He said: “I mention the civil nuclear initiative because India has suffered from nuclear apartheid for 34 years. We have not been able to trade with nuclear materials, nuclear reactors and nuclear raw materials. And if this restrictive regime ends, I think President Bush will give a lot of credit. And I am very grateful for that, Mr. President. In a joint statement by Singh and Obama, India and the United States reaffirmed the terms of the nuclear agreement and stressed their moratorium on nuclear testing and the growing need to work for global non-proliferation. Russian President Dmitry Medvedev has made it clear that Russia will not accept foreign restrictions on its nuclear cooperation with India.
The agreement serves only peaceful purposes and Japan can break it if India conducts another nuclear test. The last Indian test was in 1998. The future of civil nuclear cooperation between India and Australia has many problems and prospects. It is possible that the two nations will cooperate in the energy sector and allow for closer economic relations. But problems remain: the smooth development of uranium trade to India, the non-disclosure of “limited” quantities delivered to India in 2017, other security measures and Australia`s domestic policy also continue to plague the agreement. In terms of electricity generation, the share of nuclear power in the country`s total electricity production is 2.03% in 2008, up from 3.2% in 2017, Ramana said. On September 28, 2008, the U.S. House of Representatives voted in favor of the Hindu nuclear agreement by 298 votes to 117.  On October 1, 2008, the U.S. Senate voted 86 to 13 in favor of the Hindu-us nuclear deal.  The Arms Control Association stated that the agreement did not clearly indicate that an Indian nuclear test would lead the United States.